01-Horticultural tradition

These gardens serve as the basis for this photo-coverage because Barcelona is a city that is traditionally linked to gardening. There is only a few of these gardens left, respecting the fact that neighbourhoods as Horta (photo below) or the hills of the Montjüic and the Carmelo emphasized because of the cultivation. In some places, where the soil is picked up for the next constructions (photo on the top), the green gardens are just a memory in the minds of the neighbours already.

Already in due course there existed several reasons to plant and forms of cultivation: the lands of private farms, working-class neighbourhoods where the houses were rent with a little garden which people transformed into places of self-alimentation, places of spare time created by the dudes to get out of the centre on the weekend or it also coexisted with the practice of the so called ´barraquism` which housed the inmigrants of the rest of Spain. As the capital and its neighbour-cities are growing constantly it gets more and more difficult to distinguish between the centre and the periphery. Many of the former suburban agricultural zones were transformed into urban gardens.

If the cultivation historically wasn`t just of the periphery but also of the cities, the affiliation of this practice to contemporary urban conceptions isn`t any innovation but more adoption of activities that were not acepted during a long time.

The projects that doesn`t coincide with the ideas of the environmental politics of Barcelona are still criminalized, many of the traditonal agricultural areas and neighbourhoods with gardens are in danger because of the constant growing of the city. But their users try to keep the historical and alimentative value of this places, not always cultivating ecologically but most of them organized in a self-managed way.

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